Origin and development
European cats began their breeding as a breed since Roman times. In the 1970s, in England, felenological exhibitions began, the breeders first paid attention to native indigenous cats and started a selection work with them since 1870. In the first specialized book dating back to 1889, they were already described as British shorthaired cats. After this period, however, they were displaced by the more popular and spectacular Persian and Siamese cats. In 1892, the London Felinological Exhibition was the first to show tiger European shorthaired cats, which against the backdrop of lush Persian cats remained inconspicuous for public attention.
However, their hunting ability against mice and rats attracted the attention of German, French and Danish breeders. As a result of the tribal work, many varieties of European shorthaired cats were obtained with exceptional beauty, exquisiteness and color perfection of the hair cover, as well as excellent health and calmness. On the basis of the characteristic features found in the pedigree, a common standard for all European cats has been developed and established. Today, European shorthaired cats are one of the most popular cats in Europe and many countries around the world.
Exterior and standard
The body of the European cat is medium, strong, proportionately developed, tight and massive, with well-developed muscles. The chest is wide, with a well developed chest. The head is relatively large, its length slightly exceeds the width, the muzzle is almost round, and the nose is straight, moderately long, with a slightly pronounced stop. The subdivision is powerful, the forehead is slightly rounded. The cheeks are medium-developed. The eyes are wide and a little bent, round. Depending on the color of the coat, they can be green, yellow, blue or copper. The ears are wide, rounded, with hairs on the top. The neck is medium length and well muscled.
The limbs are proportional to the body, medium length, massive, healthy, resistant, and the paws are large, oval shaped. The tail is thick at the base and ends with a rounded end proportional to the length of the body. Coat is short, thin, dense and shiny. The color is varied: white, black, chocolate, purple, striped (silver, red and brown variations), tiger (red, black, blue, chocolate, cream and silver variations), turtle with chocolate and purple variations, (black and white, blue and white, chocolate-white, purple-white, red-white, creamy-white, red, cream, chocolate, purple) white, cream-blue), smoked (blue, chocolate and purple) and others.
For the shortcomings of the breed, long or wavy hair is considered to be a hairy, dull and protruding cheek, a pronounced stop, a very thick or slightly developed body, a disparity between the color of the eyes and the fur color, tail deformities.
Color variations (some examples):
1.EUR w 61 – European white with blue eyes
2.EUR w 62 – European white with orange eyes
3.EUR w 63 – European white with colorful eyes
4.EUR n – European black
5.EUR – European blue
6.EUR is – European Cream
7.EUR ns 22 – European silver-black tabby marble
8.EUR ns 23 – European silver-black with strips
9.EUR 22 – European Black Tabby Marble
10.EUR 23 – European black tab with strips
11.EUR f – European turtle
12.EUR f 03 – European turtle with white
13.EUR 24 – European blue spotted
14.EUR n 03 – European two-color black and white
15.Eur ns – European smoked
16.EUR f 02 – European tortoiseshell with white
17.EUR n 02 – European archery two-color black and white
18.Eur is 02 – European archery two-color creamy-white
19.EUR x – Unrecognizable coloring
Qualities and behavior
The European short-haired cat is sociable, unpretentious, flattering without being intrusive. Easily adapts to the style and rhythm of life in the family. At the same time, it shows independence and self-esteem, and sometimes aggression. Excellent hunter of mice and rats.
European cats, breed information, cats