The Siamese cat’s home, one of the most exquisite and beautiful cat breeds, is Siam (the ancient name of today’s Thailand), from where its name originates. The Siamese cat has an ancient and royal background. A privilege for cultivation only had the higher classes – the kings in the palaces and the clerics in the temples. Simple people were allowed to watch only dogs.
In China, the cultivation of Siamese cats was a courtyard privilege for the Emperor’s family. In 1871 King Rama V ordered several of the Siamese cats to be sent as a high-end gift to Europe. Ten years later a consignment of Siamese cats left for the North American continent. In Western Europe, however, their breeding in the true sense of the word began only in 1884 when British Consul of Owen Gould returned from home in Bangkok.
He brought with him a pair of Siamese – the Pho cat and the female Mia, who were given to him by the King of Siam. This Siamese couple was shown with their generation in 1885 at the annual Feline Exhibition at Crystal Palace in London, but caused controversial reactions – from admiration to total denial. There are many legends about these mysterious cats.
According to one of them, they were raised in Siam specially to guard the palaces. When somebody tried to penetrate them, the Siamesans jumped fearlessly on him, and clawing their claws in the evil one, so shrewdly that the guard was coming in immediately. Another legend gives an explanation for the specific tail of the Siamese cats – thin, curved upwards and refracted at the end. This was the result of the palace selection.
The golden rings and the rings of the members of the royal family were comfortably strung along the tail so sharply as they bathed in the pool. Thus, through this “cat hanger”, the rings did not fall or lose. According to another legend, the thoracic vertebrae of the Siamese were deliberately broken, as “nothing is perfect in nature”. On the basis of this principle, Siamese breeders and reared cats also grew up in Siam. In another legend, an explanation is given about the squirrels of some Siamese cats, due to the fact that they were assigned to hold a very valuable sacred vase in one of the temples.
Being aware of the importance of the assigned task, the cats carefully wrapped the precious vessel with their tail, from which they did not take their eyes off. And as they watched the vase all the time from a close distance, they finally became disturbed.
The first breed standard was established in the UK as early as 1892, and in 1901 a club of Siamese cat lovers was organized and the standard was updated. At the end of the 19th century, Siamese cats were imported into the United States from both Thailand and the United Kingdom, and in 1909 a Siamese cat American club was established, which a few years later also created its own standard.
From 1924, a special exhibition is held annually in London for Siamese cats only. After a major revision of the standard in 1958 and on the basis of a long selection, the contemporary type of Siamese cat, whose characteristic feature is acromellanism (the dark color of the limbs, the tail and the face), was achieved. The new standard included a light bone system and a wedge-shaped head. In it are given its four basic colors, as well as the unacceptable hereditary flaws. Until then, cats with squinting and a broken tail have been accepted in the previous standard, which is now unattainable.
At present, there are small differences in FIFe and CFA standards on the modern Siamese cat type.
In Bulgaria, the old Siamese cat is widely spread, which has recently been confirmed with some changes by WCF as a new breed – Taisha cat. In our country there is not yet imported from abroad and registered Siamka of the new contemporary type (pictured above).
Exterior and standard
Siamese cat is characterized by extremely beautiful color, elegance, intelligence and restless temper. Her body is not big, long and slender. The limbs are long and slender, with small oval paws. The head is elongated, wedge-shaped, oblong, has the form of an equilateral triangle, one of the sides joining the ends of the ears, and the other two passes along the sides, the muzzle and the outer edge of the ears. The nose is straight, clearly defined, with a dark nose. On the muzzle there is a mask that almost covers the face. The eyes are almond-shaped, sapphire blue in color.
The ears are large and straight, located far from each other, wide at the base. The limbs are long and gentle, with the backs slightly longer than the front. The paws are small, oval-shaped and dark-colored. The tail is straight, tapering at the end, without knots and defects on it. The coat is short, soft, tight-fitting, brilliant. The classic color of the hair cover is beige, gradually passing on the back in darker warm tones. Defects must be consistent with the color and include: Contrasting darker coloration of the ears, limbs, lower paws, tail and muzzle (so-called “mask”). The color of the pass