Origin and development
The breed was established in Russia in the 11th century by migrants from the European part of Russia, who settled in Siberia, carrying with them, besides their household and domestic cats. Falling into the harsh Siberian conditions, the law of natural selection came into force. To survive the Siberian frosts, cats had to have a dense undercoat and a profuse hair cover.
In this way, those cats that did not have such a hairy finish had died and only the well-groomed cats with abundant undergrowth remained. Thus Nature has endowed Siberian cats with a long, sharp-to-touch and water-swallowing coat, as well as hairs on the ears protecting their edges from frost.
And in order to walk in the deep snow it was necessary to have large, powerful and oval paws with thick hairs between the fingers. Siberian cats are quoted in the works of the famous zoologist A. Brem, as well as by some other older authors. Nowadays, breed selection is conducted thoroughly and is controlled by the Fellinos Association of Russia. The standard was adopted and approved in 1987, along with a breed stabilization program. In 1992 the breed was recognized by all international organizations.
Exterior and standard
The Siberian cat has a massive, strong and slightly elongated body with well-developed chest, well-muscled limbs, large oval paws and thick tufts of hairs between the fingers. The head is relatively large, broad, trapezoid. The nose is medium length, broad and straight, with a noticeable stop. The cheeks are full, there are long whiskers.
The ears are medium-sized, broad at the base, in the form of an equilateral triangle, with a slightly rounded end, with a tuft of hairs on the tip. The eyes are broadly placed, medium-sized, oval or almond-shaped, their color harmonizing with the coat of hair. The limbs are medium length, thick, with large oval paws, strongly hairy between the fingers. There are well developed paw pads. The tail is medium length, thick at the base, tapering and pinched at the end.
The hair cover with a very thick, medium length, slightly fitting, soft with a silky luster and a homogeneous structure. On the neck, the coat is the longest, forming the likeness of a mane, covering the entire neck from the line of ears and cheeks to the blades. The entire cat must look even hair. Color according to the standard may be anything but preferable with an agglutinating factor. Disadvantages of the breed are a sharp stop, stiffened hairs, a withering undercoat or a thin hair.
1.SIW 21 – Siberian cat with aguti factor
2.SIW 21 03 – Siberian cat with aguti factor with white
3.SIW – a Siberian cat without agouti factor
4.SIB 03 – Siberian cat without agouti factor with white
Qualities and behavior
Siberian cat has a strong motherly instinct. It is easy to fertilize and grows well, generating usually 3 to 5 kittens. Cats of this breed are resistant animals with innate immunity against certain diseases. Their coat does not require thorough resuscitation, as it itself maintains its purity and order.